Agriculture plays an important role in Serbia’s economy, representing around 9% of gross domestic product (including food processing) and about 17% of employment. The Vojvodina region accounts for 47% of the country’s agricultural land, 60% of irrigated areas and 80% of farms over 50 hectares. Fruit orchards are located in the Šumadija region and western Serbia (55%) and south-eastern Serbia (26%).
Although Serbia boasts favourable conditions for agricultural production, vulnerability to climate change threatens productivity of its main crops.
Serbia has more than 20,000 m3 of available freshwater per inhabitant per year due to an important river network and a good level of average annual precipitation (ranging from 600 mm to 800 mm in the plains to over 1,500 mm in the mountains). The country ranks well above the European Union (EU) average, and has much higher freshwater availability than the six most populous EU member states, which have current annual levels below 3,000 m3 per inhabitant.